Pune is the second-largest city in Maharashtra, India and the ninth largest city in the country. Pune is located on the Mutha river and it was once the power center of the Maratha Empire. Today, the city is considered Maharashtra's culture capital. Pune has an estimated population of 3.99 million. It was once the base of the Peshwas (prime ministers) of the Maratha Empire, which lasted from 1674 to 1818. It's known for the grand Aga Khan Palace, built in 1892 and now a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi, whose ashes are preserved in the garden. The 8th-century Pataleshwar Cave Temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.
- Estimated Population:3,124,458
- City Area:331.26 km